The communicative method comprises of objectives headed by free communication through conversation, reading, listening comprehension and writing. The communicative method uses contemporary elements which are natural in the world of exchanging information.
Communicative Language Training (CLT), which is an approach to the teaching of second and foreign languages, emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning a language.
Questions of practical liberty and personal necessity are the key ones from the linguistic, social and cultural point of view. Starting from the primary level, teachers who have pursued ESL teacher training courses should enable global learners to know why they are learning English. Knowing how English will empower them will keep them highly motivated all through.
Initiating the importance of English as a learning subject and the global language for communications can be done through enabling to understand the following:
a) it is necessary for my future career
b) it is necessary for my personal contacts
c) it is a language for global communications
A teacher trained in the TESOL English course is equipped to learn the student’s attitude towards the English language by means of self-designed questionnaires.
Analysing every point, a teacher can define motives of language studies in every particular case. The teacher can then structure their strategies according to the needs of students.
A shift towards communicative proficiency:
The increasing interdependency between countries across the world for the need of English learning necessitates a need for a greater effort to teach global learners English as the principal language. There is a huge shift in setting in new goals for this purpose:
• The utmost importance of communication aspects of the English language.
• The increasing interest in meaningful and communicative learning.
• The growing significance of the learner in the teaching processes.
The characteristics of the Communicative Language Teaching:
• Understanding occurs through active student interaction in the foreign language
• Students not only learn the second language with guidance from teachers with ESL teacher training courses
but they also learn strategies for understanding the language.
• Importance is given to learners’ personal experiences and situations, which are considered as an invaluable
• Using the new language in various contexts creates learning opportunities outside the classroom
Applying CLT in classrooms:
Applying Commuusagetive Lan the usage Teaching in the classroom include the CLT activities such as role-playing, story-telling, information gap and other simulation games, which need the flexible changing of students’ roles.
In simulation activities, the teachers sometimes play a pro-active part to support their students’ performance. In some group discussion activities, the teachers become the communicational partner of a student, meanwhile also being a manager to control and direct the class activity.