The “Three Ps” teaching style to language teaching is the most common contemporary teaching practice that has been employed by the ESL/EFL professionals around the world. At the present time, a new version of PPP teaching method has been developed in EFL/ESL classroom. This is called ESA-Engage, Study and Activate. Well, they are almost the same stages with different names. PPP teaching method is a common part of the EFL/ESL classroom teaching practices in the 21st-century TEFL course.
PPP teaching practice was developed around the early 90’s as an “easy-going” instructional approach to Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), combining CLT and traditional teaching methods. Well, PPP acronym stands for Presentation, Practice and Production and each letter indicates a stage of the learning process. Lesson planning is something that needs to be done in order to teach the best EFL/ESL lessons.
So, let’s talk about a very common lesson plan edifice which can make your EFL/ESL lesson planning an easy one!
The PPP Teaching Process for EFL
PPP – Presentation, Practice and Production is a common teaching technique. Here, each letter means a period of the learning development. The first stage is called Presentation, where the teacher gives a description on a particular topic, the Practice Stage is the time for the learners to use the language in any kind of activity and the Production stage gives the students the prospect to use the language without restrictions.
PPP is also still broadly imparted to new ESL teachers, and perceived in different initial teacher training courses like the TEFL and TESOL. The three stages of a PPP –
- Firstly, the teacher/trainer presents a new word or an event which includes the presentation of pronunciation and spelling in context.
- Then the teacher consents the students to practice the new word in a skillful background by ensuring the learner has understood the vocabulary as well as usage appropriately. Here, the things that can be added are – Gap fill exercises, Pair work, Asking and answering questions, Sentence matching activities, etc.
- Lastly, the production stage, where there is a time of less-controlled exercise with an informal valuation of learning. Here, the things that can be added are – Discussion activities, Collaborative tasks, Communication tasks, Role-plays, etc.
The Advantages of PPP in Your Classroom
Among all the benefits of PPP practice, the obvious advantage is that it is simple and up-front. Once you get the hold of the different activities for your EFL/ESL classroom, it is simply a stuff of persisting them into a pertinent stage. It also provides a structure with which you can plan your lessons effectively. As long as you are clear on your objectives, PPP helps you to plan your EFL/ESL lesson in order to accomplish your aims. PPP is easy to learn for new teachers and is very flexible and also has a logical development too.
However, some critics of the PPP technique in TEFL/TESOL think it can be too formal and controlled, with too little focus on student communication. Some also say that its quite an old teaching structure. What’s your opinion?
The Role of the EFL/ESL Teacher in PPP
So, what does an English language teacher do?
Typical responsibilities of the EFL/ESL job include:
- Preparing teaching and training resources
- Developing, formulating and delivering lessons
- Checking and evaluating students’ work
- Organizing and running the professional language courses
- Assisting learners to improve their listening, speaking, reading and writing skills via individual as well as group sessions
- Managing the classroom effectively
- Attend and underwrite training sessions
- Delivering the appropriate feedback
- Undertaking the administrative tasks, such as keeping student registers and attendance records
- Creating a positive and supportive learning environment within the class
- Encouraging learner participation in lessons and in other school-related activities
- Organizing and getting involved in social and cultural activities
- Formulating information for review visits plus other quality assurance exercises
Well, in the Presentation stage of PPP, the teacher usually speaks up to 75% of the time as they are presenting information. The main focus remains on accuracy when correcting learners at this stage and they also ask concept checking questions to check if learners have understood.
In the second stage – Practice stage, a teacher practices different activities to practice the new language verbally along within a written format. Finally, the teacher monitors and focuses on fluency rather than accuracy in third stage – Production stage.
You must be thinking what will be the listener’s role in PPP…well, in PPP, the listener is the student. In the Practice stage, learners speak up to 60% of the time and the teacher up to 40%. Lastly, in the Production stage, students use the language in a natural and everyday context, through practical tasks with slight input from the teacher.
TECHNIQUES THAT YOU MAY USE FROM THIS METHOD –
Of course, PPP is not the only teaching way to structure an EFL/ESL lesson plan and all of the necessary details have been a part of the 21st-century TEFL course programs; however, for the EFL/ESL beginners, using PPP in the classroom is a great idea just for the simple fact that it’s rational and straightforward.
Which teaching strategy you will use in your classroom… will depend on your students, the medium of instruction, and you!