It is by no means easy for any educator to deliver the course content to the students so as to ensure that they get the required knowledge for the successful completion of the curriculum. However, this overall process can become monotonous at times, which might lead to the lack of interest among the students regarding the lessons. In this blog, we will have a look at the various techniques that can help the educators to deliver the course content in the best possible manner to their students, which can be beneficial for the future educators, who are currently pursuing an online TEFL diploma course.
As we all know, the history of teaching the English requires the educator to take up a number of different teaching approaches and methodologies that have been tried and tested, out of which some have been more popular and effective than others. However, if anyone is just beginning his/her TEFL career, it would be beneficial to be familiar with a few of these techniques, which have been depicted in the following lines.
- The Direct Method
This method of teaching English is also known to be the Natural Method. It is used to teach a number of languages other than English, where the main idea is that it can only use the target language that the students are willing to learn. Its main focus is the development of the oral skill which is taught via repetitive drilling. Grammar is taught via an inductive way as the students need to try and guess the rules through the educator’s oral presentation. The future educators can find this method impactful enough and can inculcate them while pursuing an online TEFL diploma course.
- The Grammar Translation Method
This particular method of teaching English is grammar heavy and relies a lot on translation. This is the traditional way of learning the universal language and is commonly used when learning English and can be well utilized by the future educators who are willing to make a mark in the sphere of teaching.
- The Audio-Lingual Method
The Audio-Lingual Method, which is also known as the New Key Method, is based on a theory that constant reinforcement can help in the learning of certain subjects. This is almost similar to the Direct Method and only uses the target language, just like its predecessor. However, the biggest distinction between the Audio-Lingual Method and the Direct Method is the focus of teaching. The Direct Method emphasizes on the teaching of vocabulary but the Audio-Lingual Method focuses on specific grammar teachings, which can be extremely beneficial in terms of the development of the students, which is why the future TEFL educators should consider inculcating this method.
- The Structural Approach
As the name suggests, the method deals with the structure of the sentences. The idea behind this is that the English language is structured of certain grammar rules. These rules, as per this approach, should be learnt in a specific order, thus providing the students a detailed perspective about the wearing down of the language barrier and the construction of a particular set of rules, which also helps the educators in teaching the students.
- Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)
The main usage of this approach is to make the students communicate in a more effective and correct manner in real life situations that occur around them. This particular kind of teaching involves putting stress on various important functions like suggesting, thanking, inviting, complaining, and asking for directions. This can develop the students for the challenges that they might face in the real world while using the universal language and consists of a large part of the curriculum, which makes it important to be inculcated by the future educators, who are currently pursuing an online TEFL diploma course.
- Community Language Learning
This is one of the teaching methods of English where the student feels that there is a cohesive bond between the student and educator. There are a number of the other methods and approaches of teaching English as a Second Language, but this is one of the better methods that can be adopted by the learners of an online TEFL diploma course, who are expected to become TEFL educators in the future.
- Task Based Language Learning
The main aim of this teaching technique of learning is task completion. Going by this, relevant and interesting tasks are set by the teacher and students are obliged to bring in their existing knowledge of English to complete the task with as few mistakes as possible. This is a method which is one of the most popular learning techniques and need to be inculcated by the future TEFL educators.
- The Lexical Approach
The Lexical approach is dependent on computer studies that have identified the most commonly used words previously. This is a teaching approach that focuses on vocabulary acquisition and teaching lexical words in order of their frequency of usage. Educators of the Lexical Approach leave a great emphasis on authentic materials and real time scenarios for better learning, making it one of the most popular means of teaching English as a Second Language.
- The Silent Way
This approach depends hugely on learner autonomy. The teacher acts more as a facilitator encouraging the students to be more active in their way of learning. The main motive of this particular type of teaching is to say very little for the teacher, so that the students can take control of their own learning.
There’s also a huge stress on pronunciation and a big chunk of the lesson focuses on it. This method of learning English follows a structural syllabus and grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation are constantly drilled and recycled for reinforcement. The teacher evaluates their students through careful observation, and it’s even possible that they may never set a formal test as learners are encouraged to correct their own language errors.